Cuestionario de Nomofobia (NMP-Q): Estructura factorial y puntos de corte de la versión española

Ana León-Mejía, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Esther Calvete, Carmen Patino-Alonso, Juan M. Machimbarrena

Resumen


La nomofobia es una fobia situacional en la que se experimenta un miedo intenso, irracional y desproporcionado a no poder usar el smartphone. Se realizó un estudio instrumental de la versión española del cuestionario de Nomofobia (NMP-Q) con los objetivos de: 1) analizar su estructura factorial y fiabilidad; 2) analizar su invarianza con relación al sexo y la edad, y 3) obtener puntos de cortes específicos para distintas edades y sexo. El muestreo fue incidental y no probabilístico. Hubo 5012 participantes (57.9%, mujeres) de 12-24 años (M = 18,04, SD = 3,3). El análisis factorial confirmatorio reveló un modelo jerárquico de 4 factores correlacionados y explicados por uno general de segundo orden. Los índices de fiabilidad de las dimensiones del NMP-Q fueron satisfactorios oscilando entre ,78, ,85, ,86 y ,92 (Omega w). Un análisis multigrupo confirmó la invarianza por sexo y edad. A partir de las puntuaciones del NMP-Q se calcularon 3 puntos de corte siguiendo los percentiles 15, 80 y 95 (sin nomofobia, riesgo de nomofobia, y nomofóbico). Las mujeres de 12-15 años tuvieron las puntuaciones más altas en nomofobia. Podemos concluir que el NMP-Q nos permite identificar problemas de nomofobia por sexo y edad desde un punto de vista clínico.


Palabras clave


Nomofobia; Puntos de corte; Smartphone; Internet; Adicción conductual

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1316

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